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93 Cong. Rec. A4149(1947) 


APPENDIX TO THE CONGRESSIONAL RECORD A4149 


Under the devoted leadership of James 
Roosevelt, the chairman of the California 
State Democratic Central Committee, the 
people of California are uniting to win. 
There have been attempts to discredit 
and discourage real organization of a 
strong Democratic party. These at- 
tempts have been abortive, regardless of 
their origin or political sponsorship. 
Disgruntled pseudopolitical leaders on 
the extreme right and the extreme left 
have been discomfitted by the growing 
strength and unity of influential Demo- 
crats behind James Roosevelt’s leader- 
ship. The recent Democratic State Cen- 
tral Committee meeting overwhelmingly 
approved the official statement on na- 
tional and foreign policy outlined below. 
It is a statement of principles, around 
which all California Democrats can rally 
for victory in 1948. 

Under unanimous consent, I append 
hereto the statement mentioned above: 

The statement on national and foreign 
policy covers such points as — 

' The Democratic Party of California, aware 
that developments of modern science have 
linked the far corners of the world and 
brought ever closer associations on our own 
continent, affirm our faith in certain funda- 
mental principles. 

First. We believe that human progress, in- 
dividual liberties, and the "four freedoms” are 
most likely to be realized under the Ameri- 
can form of democracy. 

Second. We believe neither our own people 
nor new adherents elsewhere will continue 
to have faith in our democracy unless we 
prove conclusively that more than any other 
system it can secure human progress, indi- 
vidual liberties, and the “four freedoms." 

Third. We believe that inasmuch as atomic 
power can easily destroy all civilization and 
humanity, the United States of America bears 
the heaviest responsibility in installing 
methods of peaceful mediation and settle- 
ment for the conflicts of peoples and gov- 
ernments. 

Believing thus, we feel it is our duty to 
state clearly our alarm at domestic legisla- 
tion which, under the guise of curbing the 
abuses of certain leaders and groups of or- 
ganized labor, actually destroys the safe- 
guards of economic and social liberty won so 
recently by the men and women of labor. 
We heartily commend President Truman for 
his veto of the Republican-sponsored Taft- 
Hartley bill, a measure primarily designed, 
not to correct abuses within organized labor, 
but to emasculate the legitimate safeguards 
of collective bargaining. 

We believe also that the people should be 
told that under the guise of an attack upon a 
labor monopoly, the Republican Party is fos- 
tering an ever increasing corporation or busi- 
ness monopoly. It is an undeniable fact 
that the Federal Trade Commission has 
warned of a greatly accelerated pace of post- 
war business mergers and has ascribed high 
prices directly to them. » * » Monopoly 

waxes fatter than ever. Three companies 
account for 89 percent of American auto- 
mobiles; gasoline prices rise, even at minute 
fractional changes, exactly together; four 
companies have 85 percent of our structural 
steel capacity; four more make all our pre- 
fabricated roofing shingles, and 10 percent of 
corporations control 90 percent of our cor- 
porate wealth. These are the sure signs that 
the Republican Party is making an attack 
upon labor the excuse for allowing our com- 
petitive system to become one of monopoly 
at the expense of every little business man 
and woman in the country. We, therefore, 
urge that the Democratic Party, nationally, 
put its full weight behind the legislation pro- 
posed by Senator O’Mahoney and Representa- 
tive Kefauveb which would put some real 


strength in the antitrust acts, and we urge 
that the Department of Justice vigorously 
prosecute those who are menacing our com- 
petitive free-price system. We heartily com- 
mend the President for his courage and wis- 
dom in vetoing the inequitable Knutson tax 
bill; now that the Republican leadership has 
reintroduced it in the Congress, we urge him 
to stand firm in again vetoing. 

The Democratic State Central Committee 
of California believes that it has the respon- 
sibility to inform the national leaders of our 
party of constructive suggestions made in 
our State. Surely no man or woman today 
in public life has all the answers to the 
many complex problems which face us, most 
especially in the field of international rela- 
tions. We feel that the greatest proof of our 
loyalty to our country is to give to President 
Truman the benefit of the considered think- 
ing of the members of our party in this 
State. 

We endorse wholeheartedly the President’s 
stated principles that: 

A. We should do everything within our 
power to bring relief to the suffering people 
of the world from hunger and economic 
want and that such relief should know no 
political boundaries. 

B. That, as perhaps the only strong credi- 
tor nation left in the civilized world, we 
should Insure that no peoples should be 
forced to adopt political Ideologies of any 
nature whatsoever because of economic or 
armed aggression against them-. 

It is in the spirit of this idealism that 
we understand the Truman Doctrine to have 
been conceived. 

In wartime it may not be possible to fully 
take the whole people into the confidence of 
the national leadership; in peacetime it must 
be done. We therefore urge that the Presi- 
dent, the Secretary of State, and all other 
qualified officials publicly discuss the full 
implications of our foreign policy. The 
Democrats of California feel that it was 
under the leadership of our party, and here 
in our own State, that the United Nations 
was born as the key instrument to a lasting 
peace. We therefore insist that the strong- 
est possible steps and the strongest possible 
active policy of cooperation with the United 
Nations Organization must come from our 
Democratic administration. 

We urge that the United States take the 
initiative in every possible way for estab- 
lishing adequate machinery within the 
United Nations Organization for achieving 
world peace and the economic recovery of 
the world. 

Unilateral action in international matters 
must be abolished; only by so doing can that 
mutual trust among nations essential to 
lasting peace be fully achieved. 

As the strongest of the nations and the 
one whose people have the highest standard 
of living, and which by the democratic proc- 
esses have most nearly achieved the Four 
Freedoms, the United States has the obliga- 
tion to maintain bold leadership in support 
of the United Nations. 

We recognize frankly that some countries 
have not yet lost their fears of Old-World 
power politics. Russia in particular, strug- 
gling to rise from czarist serfdom and hav- 
ing suffered repeatedly from aggression, will 
be slow in accepting the unselfish idealism 
which must be the guiding principle for all 
members of the United Nations. However, 
we feel that eventually all nations, includ- 
ing Russia, must and will repudiate unilat- 
eral action and support wholeheartedly the 
principle of international cooperation. Any 
other course, inevitably means obliteration 
by atomic warfare. 

Without the threat of war differing eco- 
nomic systems will be judged solely on their 
accomplishments for mankind; we confi- 
dently reassert our faith in the American way 
of life. 


We endorse the principles of the Marshall 
plan both because these principles offer the 
most likely prospect for the stabilization of 
European life and because the plan itself 
clearly falls within the regional arrangements 
specifically authorized by the Charter of the 
United Nations in article 52. We regret the 
failure of the Russian Government to co- 
operate with the Marshall Plan and we urge 
that she reverse her decision and lend her 
Influence and leadership in establishing a 
basis of mutual trust among all nations. 

We respectfully suggest and urge that a 
definite policy for giving the people of the 
world factual Information in regard to the 
working of American democracy via radio, 
the interchange of students and the en- 
couragement of visitors, cultural and trade, 
to and from our shores should be given a 
most prominent place In our program. 

We condemn the penny-wise policy of the 
Republican Party in curtailing the informa- 
tion service of our Department of State, espe- 
cially when we realize that it has been merely 
proposed that we spend for the selling of 
democracy a sum of money smaller than the 
advertising budget of many of our national 
business concerns. 

We reiterate again that the greatest assur- 
ance of lasting peace and the activation of 
democracy throughout the world will come 
from a steadfast and successful ecnomy here 
in our own country. The path of unem- 
ployment is the road to war. 

We make these suggestions in order that 
the great body of people in our country de- 
siring to achieve world peace and the prin- 
ciples of American democracy may know 
with certainty the position advocated by the 
Democratic Party of California. 

Respectfully submitted. 

George E. Outland, 
Chairman, Policy Committee. 


Meretricious Pamphlet Sponsored by 

Upton Close Exposed by Former Secre- 
tary of War Patterson 

EXTENSION OF REMARKS 

op 

HON. ADOLPH J. SABATH 

OF ILLINOIS 

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 

Saturday, July 26, 1947 

Mr. SABATH. Mr. Speaker, everyone 
of us in America who clings to the ideals 
of Thomas Jefferson, of Andrew Jackson, 
of Woodrow Wilson, and of Franklin 
Delano Roosevelt has been dismayed by 
the rising tide of un-Christian, un- 
American, and undemocratic bigotry, 
discrimination, and prejudice in this 
country we love so much. 

We have fought two terrible wars to 
preserve democracy, and yet within our 
own ranks there are those who would 
betray democracy. 

In those two wars every racial and 
religious group in America fought with 
equal valor. They shared the burdens 
without stint. Every citizen of America 
owes an equal duty to his country; but 
to every citizen America owes equality of 
law and of treatment. 

In time of war there is no difference 
in the duty owed and discharged by the 
Mayflower descendant and the immi- 
grant not yet naturalized; the foreign- 
born, the sons of the foreign-born, and 



A4150 


APPENDIX TO THE CONGRESSIONAL RECORD 


the children of the first families of Vir- 
ginia fight and work side by side for the 
country they love equally. 

There should be and there must be no 
difference in peace. That is America. 

We cannot touch filth without being 
dirtied; and in the days of our cold war 
against the Nazi aggressor there were 
some who fell into the trap of the Hitler- 
Goebbels propaganda line. Now that the 
war is over and American democracy has 
defeated Nazi abomination, those people 
have again dared to resume their feed- 
ing of un-American and seditious false- 
hoods and half-truths — the Peglers, the 
G. L. K. Smiths, the Merwyn K. Harts, 
and the vermin press generally — ever 
seeking to divide Americans,. and trying 
to destroy our national strength and 
unity so much needed in these troubled 
times. 

It is our duty, therefore, Mr. Speaker, 
to expose the falsity of these exponents 
of hatred whenever they appear. 

Upton Close, whose record of opposi- 
tion to all things democratic and pro- 
gressive needs no further elaboration by 
me, recently issued a pamphlet called 
the Anti-Defamation League, by one 
Robert H. Williams. Mr. Close intro- 
duces the pamphlet with the innuendo 
that it was prepared by Maj. Robert H. 
Williams, Air Reserve, on the basis of 
information developed by Williams in 
the course of his military duties as a 
counterintelligence officer. 

It is noteworthy that this publication 
of Upton Close was printed on the same 
press in San Diego on which Leon de 
Aryan prints the Broom; De Aryan was 
twice indicted for seditious conspiracy 
during the war. 

An official letter from the War Depart- 
ment completely explodes this false in- 
sinuation. Former Secretary of War 
Patterson pointed out that Williams is 
no longer connected with the military 
service and that when he was in lie 
Army his work had to do with “weather 
and air” intelligence and was not con- 
nected in any way with the investigation 
of subversive activity. This is what Sec- 
retary Patterson wrote to Justice Meier 
Steinbrink concerning Mr. Williams and 
the Upton Close pamphlet: 

War Department, 
Washington, May 28, 1947. 
Hon. Meier Steinerink, 

National Chairman, Antidef amation 
League of B'nai B’rith, 

New York, N. Y. 

Dear Judge Steinbrink: I have had 
Closer-Ups Supplement No. 1— the Anti- 
Defamation League, by Robert H. Williams, 
carefully checked as a result of your letter 
of May 1, 1947. I assure you that nothing 
contained within that pamphlet referring 
to the character of Jews in the Army had 
been prepared as the result of any informa- 
tion gathered by Mr. Williams from any 
official records within the War Department 
while he was In the military service. His 
statements reflect the thinking of one indi- 
vidual and do not express any opinion or 
statement of the War Department. 

Mr. Williams served as a major in the 
Army of the United States (Air Corps) dur- 
ing World War II. He was for a time an 
intelligence officer in an air squadron over- 
seas, but he was not concerned, in that 
capacity, with the investigation of Com- 
munists or any subversives. His work had 
to do with weather and air intelligence. 


He is not now a member of the Air Reserve 
and is no longer connected with the military 
service. 

Any statement made by Mr. Williams was 
not made as an agent of the War Depart- 
ment, but was made as a civilian without 
the consent of or prior approval of the War 
Department. His statements cannot be 
considered as reflecting the attitude of the 
War Department. 

Under the circumstances the War De- 
partment can take no action, unless in the 
couise of any statement made by Mr. 
Williams he discloses any information of a 
classified nature which he has obtained as 
the result of his service in the armed forces 
of the United States. 

Our Army, made up of Catholics, Protes- 
tants. and Jews, brought us the greatest 
victory in our history, and any statement 
which would reflect unfavorably on the 
loyalty of any racial or religious group 
among them is utterly without foundation. 

Contrary to the statement In the 
pamphlet, B'nai B'rith has a record for 
patriotic service which was recognized by 
both Army and Navy citations. 

Yours sincerely, 

Robert P. Patterson, 

Secretary o] War. 


Remarks of Hon. Francis Case, of South 
Dakota, Before the National Rivers 
and Harbors Congress 


EXTENSION OF REMARKS 

or 

HON. FRANCIS' CASE 

OF SOUTH DAKOTA 

IN THE HOUSE OP REPRESENTATIVES 

Saturday, July 26, 1947 

Mr. CASE of South Dakota. Mr. 
Speaker, under leave to extend my re- 
marks in the Record, I wish to submit 
the following remarks made by me before 
the thirty-seventh convention of the Na- 
tional Rivers and Harbors Congress on 
May 2, 1947: 

Senator McClellan, distinguished guests 
and delegates to the thirty-seventh conven- 
tion of the National Rivers and Harbors 
Congress, we return to the works of peace — 
we hope. The assembling of the National 
Rivers and Harbors Congress in Washington, 
again, is the sign that the National Con- 
gress is expected to give to control and con- 
servation of our water the attention and the 
money that has lately been given to war. 

The difficulty is that we have the war to 
pay for. We have a national debt of ap- 
proximately $260,000,000,000. Before the war 
we though it was high when it climbed to 
fifty-five billion. 

And a second difficulty is that the after- 
math of the war is expensive, too. A few 
days ago Congress completed action on a 
deficiency bill to appropriate $300,000,000 to 
supplement the four hundred and twenty- 
five million previously appropriated to feed 
our late enemies, in this current fiscal year. 
And during the past week, the House of Rep- 
resentatives approved a bill to authorize 
$200,000,000 to supplement previous contri- 
butions through UNRRA for war-devastated 
countries. And next week, the House will 
consider another bill to authorize four hun- 
dred million for Greece and Turkey. 

That is 300 plus 200 plus 400, or a total of 
$900,000,000 within a week or so — for relief 
and reconstruction abroad. 

The latter part of this month, it is expected 
that the War Department Subcommittee of 


the Appropriations Committee of the House 
of Representatives will begin hearings on the 
budget estimates for the civil functions of 
the War Department. This is the bill in 
which you are interested, the bill which car- 
ries the money for the Army engineers to 
carry on authorized river-and-harbor and 
flood-control projects in the fiscal year be- 
ginning July 1, 1947, and ending June 30, 
1948, 

What are the budget estimates for fiscal 
1948? 

For rivers and harbors, $101,994,000. 

For flood control, general, $163,356,000, plus 
thirty million of 1947 balances carried for- 
ward to 1918. 

For flood control, Mississippi River and 
tributaries, $24,000,000. 

For flood control, Sacramento River, $1,000,- 
000 . 

How do these compare with prior years? 

In 1940 for fiscal year 1941, on rivers and 
harbors, the civil-functions bill carried $67,- 
000,009, against the $101,994,000 requested for 
1948. 

On flood control, general, in 1940 for fiscal 
1941, there was appropriated $70,000,000 
against the $163,000,000 of new money re- 
quested for 1943. 

On Mississippi flood control, In 1940 for 
fiscal 1941, there was appropriated $30,000,- 

000 as compared with $24,009,000 requested 
for 1943. 

The President's budget for 1948 has been 
accompanied by the statement: 

“The amount of construction provides for 
continuing or completing work on only those 
projects for which Congress has previously 
appropriated funds for construction. This 
does not provide for starting any additional 
projects." 

That should be kept in mind in comparing 
the estimates for next fiscal year with the 
appropriations of 1940 for 1941. Heretofore, 
the funds appropriated have always embraced 
some new construction. What attitude the 
Appropriation Committees of the House and 
Senate will take on this point. 1 am not able 
to say, of course, but that is a point on which 

1 will express my own persona] opinion a bit 
later. 

Of the $101,994,000 requested for rivers and 
harbors. $50,000,000 is for maintenance of 
existing works, approximately $25,000,000 is 
for carrying forward projects on which money 
has already been expended, and of the balance 
$20,000,000 is for operation of canals, $3,645,- 
000 for examinations and surveys, and the 
balance miscellaneous. 

Of the $163,000,000 for flood control general, 
8151.000,000 is for construction. $4,000,000 is 
for plans and specifications, $3,500,000 for 
preliminary examinations and surveys, and 
the balance for maintenance, salaries, and 
miscellaneous expenses. 

Of the $24,000,000 for the Mississippi flood- 
control fund, one-half is for new work and 
one-half is for maintenance. 

I have not been able to attend earlier ses- 
sions of thin convention and I do not know 
how much of this information may have been 
brought to your attention. I note that the 
distinguished senior Senator from South 
Dakota, the Honorable Chan Gurney, has 
already spoken in behalf of the Senate Ap- 
propriations Committee on this subject and 
he may have presented these figures. Or, 
he may have simply speculated on what the 
House committee would do to these Presi- 
dential recommendations. 

Appropriation bills originate in the House 
of Representatives as you know. That is, 
in the language of the very able chairman 
of the House Appropriations Committee, the 
Honorable John Taber, of New York, “we 
operate on the budget estimates first.’’ 

If some of the current columnists can be 
believed it might be said that the House 
operates on the budget and sometimes the 
Senate revives the patient. Be that as it 
may, I think the record will show through